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Film Glossary/T

1 – 9 A B C D E F G H

tail leader. Piece of film or tape or a digital clip attached to the end of a show for the purpose of maintaining sync between picture and sound. Tail leader runs for a few seconds after LFOP. See also tail pop.

tail pop. A sync pop that appears on the audio track two seconds into the tail leader, often corresponding to a flash frame or a frame with the word “End” printed on it. See also sync pop.

take. A shot that starts (or ends) with a camera slate (clapstick).

tapeless workflow a.k.a. file-based workflow. Filmmaking process where dailies are imported from a video camera that shot on card, disk, file, or film, edited on a digital system, and exported as a file.

TB. See terabyte.

TBC. Time Base Corrector. See also Time Base Corrector.

TCP/IP. The standard protocol suite for data communications and the internet e.g. IP addresses.

TCR. See time code reader.

TD. Technical Director. Upon getting the director’s command over the headset , the TD switches the video tape from angle to angle on sitcoms, sports events, and major talk shows.

telecine operator. See colorist.

telecine. Transfer of film-to-tape.

temp dub. A temp mix.

terabyte. TB. Approximately 1024 gigabytes or 1 trillion bytes. A unit of measurement used to measure computer files sizes, data storage, and memory.

textless. A background bed of shots – the credit material — without the credits, used to redo credits or to make foreign or other versions of the show.

TIFF. Tag Image File Format. A widely used photo and graphic image file.

tilt. Shot where camera moves vertically up and down or down and up.

time base corrector. A TBC is an essential electronic device inside a video tape machine that corrects timing errors in the video signal and regulates the signal’s video and chroma level, hue, and set up during playback.

time code generator. Electronic machine that adds (creates, syncs, or records) time code to a tape.

time code reader. A stand alone device or one that’s part of a playback machine or a time code generator that reads LTC and VITC frame accurately.

time code slate. See smart slate.

time code. Code based on clock time which is recorded on each frame of a video or audio tape.

timeline. Graphic representation of a cut on a digital editing system. A horizontal bar graph of a cut which reads left to right, starting with the first edit and ending with the last.

timer. Film lab person who times a film print.

timing. Setting the red, yellow, and blue printer lights and adjusting the degree of lightness or darkness on each shot or reel. Also used referred to as grading. During the digital intermediate process, grading, timing, and color correcting are used interchangeably to mean the same thing.

TOD. Time of Day. Time code that runs continuously and in sync with clock time.

tracking. videotape: Adjusting the position of a tape head during playback to produce the strongest signal.

tracking. music: When the music editor is responsible for finding, arranging, and editing the music in a scene or a show. Frequently a temp dub is tracked or any show or project that cannot afford original music.

tracking shot a.k.a. dolly shot. Shot where camera follows the action (often a character) while mounted on a dolly that is pushed along a set of temporary tracks laid down on the ground.

transcode. Convert one format to another e.g. analog to digital, DV to MPEG (for DVD authoring), etc.

transfer. Recording picture or sound from one medium or format to another for viewing or editing.

transition effect. Effect, such as a dissolve or wipe, which moves the action from one cut to another.

trim. (verb): Shortening a scene by removing footage. (noun): Piece of film (picture or sound) cut out of the show.

trim bin. Metal bin with bracket and pins for holding trims on shows editing on an upright Moviola.

trim box. Labeled box for storing Moviola rolls and KEM rolls on racks for editing.

trim tab. A thick piece of paper inserted into a Moviola roll that gives its scene and take number along with a short description of the scene and its start and end ink code.

TRT. Total running time of a reel or show.

TS. Tail Slate. Slate after the action is completed at the end of the take.

tubby. Overpowering, low frequency sounds attenuated through EQ’ing.

two-shot. A shot with two characters’ faces that’s usually framed medium.