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Film Glossary/R

1 – 9 A B C D E F G H

RAID. Random Array of Independent Disks. When media is lost or destroyed on one disk, Raid technology allows for it to be regenerated on another so that a show can continue to be edited or broadcast.

raking shot. A tight form of a two-shot, usually, (or other shot), that is filmed from the side and favors one character.

random access. Ability to locate any frame anywhere at anytime on a digital system.

Rank Cintel. Manufacturer and oft used name of telecine machine that holds and runs the film during telecine.

Rapidograph. Ink pen used to write missing key code numbers on the edge work print for the negative cutter.

raw stock. Film or tape that has nothing shot or recorded on it.

real time effect. A video or audio effect on a digital system for which the creation time equals the time taken to select it and put it in a sequence. As opposed to rendered effect which takes time to make and for which new media is created.

real time video streaming. Method of Web streaming where the video is viewed online from a streaming video server.

real time. Responding immediately without delay in real, clock time as the event or process happens without dropping frames e.g. creating visual effects, animating images, broadcasting live video, etc.

reconstitute. Put a KEM roll or flatbed daily roll back in sync after cutting by splicing in the trims and adding fill.
record machine. Online tape machine that records the edits from the source tapes as they’re played back to the record tape.

rectangular pixel. See non-square pixel.

remaster. Make a new master, usually in a different format or medium.

render. A digital video or audio effect that takes more than real time to create because new media is created. As opposed to a real time effect which can be seen as soon as it’s created.

render farm. A roomful of computer networked to render complex CGI and other VFX.

re-recording engineer. See mixer.

resolution. The clarity of an image on a screen based on different measurements according to format. Analog format measures resolution by the ratio of horizontal resolution lines to scan lines; digital uses pixels; and film goes by number of line pairs per millimeter.

reverse.1) An angle shot from the exact opposite angle of the master shot action. 2) A cut to the opposite (reverse) angle. The cut can be from the front of a character to behind the character (or vice versa) or from a character (or characters) to the character (or characters) they’re facing.

reverse telecine. Transferring tape to film or a 30fps show to 24 fps. A recent practice that is now widely performed for a number of reasons including to produce a film look on a tape, to make a film cutlist, to set up a show to finish film, or to perform color correction and other digital intermediary processes. See also digital intermediary.

RGB. Red, Green, Blue. The three primary colors of light which can be mixed to produce all the other colors and which are used in processing component and composite video or printing film. When generating video on a computer screen, RGB are displayed as separate analog or digital signals of red, green and blue dots. RGB are produced by the CRT which employs three electron guns to beam each color at the screen.

rippling the list. The shifting of events in an EDL on a linear system caused when the duration of an edit is changed, or an event is added or deleted. This shifting effectively ripples — corrects and updates — the events on the list that follow the change.

Rock ‘n Roll. Swiftly fix or finish a section of the mix and move on.

room tone. RT. Interior ambience. See also ambience.

rotoscope. Create animation imagery or mattes by hand — frame by frame — via tracing or otherwise referencing live footage, to create new images or repair images. Computers have made rotoscoping quicker and easier but it still relies on the artist’s skill.

rough cut. a.k.a. first cut or editor’s cut. The first cut of show put together by the editor. In the past, the first cut was considered rough because it lacked visual effects, music and sound effects, and additional dialogue tracks due to the limitations of the Moviola and KEM editing equipment. With digital editing equipment, an unlimited amount of sound and video tracks are available and first cuts are becoming more and more sophisticated, though lacking all the final ingredients of the final show. Editors have never considered their work “rough” as they have always worked hard to finesse character, story, action, and dialog. Many editors prefer the term “first cut” or “editors cut.”

RS-232. A standard, unbalanced interconnection scheme for serial data communications designed for short distances of up to 30 yards.

RS-422. A standard, balanced interconnection scheme for serial data communications used for control links in production and postproduction areas for VTRs, digital editing machines, and other equipment.

RT. See real time effect, room tone, or running time.

rubber numbers. See ink code.

running time. The duration (length) of a scene, section, or an entire show.

rushes. See dailies.