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Film Glossary/P

1 – 9 A B C D E F G H
I J K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X Y Z

P2. Short for Professional Plug-in, Panasonic’s professional DV format that stores media in GB on a solid state flash memory card.

PA. Production assistant.

package. A precut news story of timely human interest.

Paintbox. Quantel’s video finishing box for graphic, titling, and special effects.

PAL. Phase Alternating Line. Videotape standard used in the United Kingdom and most of Europe, China, and parts of Africa and South America. It has 625 video scan lines and runs on a 50 hertz AC power cycle at 25 fps with a frame size of 720 x 576.

pan. Short for panorama. (noun and verb). Cinematography term: Shot where camera moves horizontally left to right or vice versa. Sound term: The left-right position of a sound on a mixer or other sound device or piece of software. Panning directs the sound to the right, left, or center speaker channel.

paper cut. Outline that provides the initial plan of attack for editing a documentary or other non-scripted piece.

parallel action. Editing two (or more) independent lines of action together – characters, settings, or subjects – that do not interact directly and are unaware of each other.

PB. Petabyte. 1000 terabytes. Postproduction facility require PBs of storage.

PCM. Pulse-code modulation. Standard digital audio recording protocol that creates different uncompressed audio file formats for play back on computers and standard devices such as CDs, Blu-ray disks, DVDs, etc.

PFD. Professional Disc. Sony’s optical disc format for recording SD and HD in its XDCAM professional video devices.

pick-up master. A new master shot that is “picked up” (continued) from a slight bit before where an incomplete master left off.

picture editor. Editor who puts the show together initially.

picture fill. See slug.

pitching audio. How high or low the audio sounds. Pitch is the main way the audience distinguishes sounds.

pix. Picture.

pixel. Pix element. Smallest unit or sample of a digital image on a screen. It holds data such as black and white, color, and gray scale information.

playback machine. Online tape machine that plays back the source tapes which are referred to as the playback tapes.

playback music. Music recorded for the sole purpose of being played (back) on the set on each musical take. It enables the actors and actresses to maintain sync with the music while singing and/or dancing.

point-of-view shot (POV) A variation of a reverse shot, a POV shot corresponds exactly to where a character is looking; it is what they’re seeing.

pop. See sync pop.

postproduction. The final creation phase of a show during which all editing and finishing work take place. Also referred to as editing, editorial, or post. Postproduction is followed by the distribution and exhibition phases of the movie.

post production house. Facility where the final cut of a show is reproduced in the digital format contractually required for airing on television or screening in theatres. Post houses also produce digital dailies and perform a myriad of other post production tasks. Frequently, they rent cutting rooms and screening rooms and provide free meals in an attempt to take care of their editing clients every need.

post viz. Temp VFX that use the source footage.

pot. Potentiometer. A resistor device controlled by a slider or knob used to change the EQ, gain, pitch, tone, pan, etc. during the mix.

POV. See Point-of-View shot.

preditor. Producer/Editor.

pre-dub. See pre-mix.

pre-lay. Transfer the edited tracks to tape before the pre-mix or mix.

pre-mix. Preliminary mix of certain sounds — background effects and dialogue usually — ahead of the mix. Also called the pre-dub or rough mix.

preproduction. The preparatory phase of a show during which the script and money are finalized, talent (actors), crew hired, locations and schedules locked, and sets, wardrobe, props, etc. created. Preproduction follows the development phase and precedes the production phase.

presence. See ambience.

printmaster. Final outcome of the mix that is recorded to the film or tape or disk. It is recorded to an optical sound negative to make an optical soundtrack and run in commercial theatres or to mag fullcoat film (2, 4, or 6 track) to make a magnetic film track and run in a double system theatre. It can also be recorded to a digital multitrack tape or to read-write computer optical disks.

production. The phase of a show during which the filming takes place on set or location. Also referred to as the “shooting” phase, “the shoot,” or “principal photography.” Production follows the preproduction phase and precedes the postproduction phase.

production track. Original sync track recorded on 1/4″ or DAT at the time of filming.

progressive video streaming. Method of Web streaming that requires downloading the video to view it.

progressive. Type of videotape scanning that scans Field 1 and Field 2 at the same time. As opposed to interlace. See also interlace.

protection master. Dub of show master recorded after online to be used in case the master is damaged. The final sound track is laid back to the protection master so there are two copies of the final show.

Pro Tools. Popular sound editing and recording tool (DAW) manufactured by Avid Technologies, Inc. that runs on a Mac OS.

proxy. Low res file that links to higher res file (2K, 4K, etc.) and contains all its data.

PSA. Public Service Announcement.

pull list. A list of camera rolls and start and end key code for each edit in the final locked reel. The pull list is used by the negative cutter to pull (acquire from the vault) the camera rolls in preparation for match cutting the negative.

pull up. (noun or verb) Slip, slide, or trim an edit so that it starts sooner. Opposite of a push down.

pull-in frame. Frame that telecine uses to start the 3:2 pulldown sequence, typically the “A” frame.

punch in. Fix a particular section of a mixed track and leave the surrounding areas alone.

push down. (noun or verb) Slip, slide, or trim an edit so that it so that it starts later. Opposite of a pull up.