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Film Glossary/M

1 – 9 A B C D E F G H

Maya. Autodesk’s 3D animation, modeling, simulation, and compositing software used by CG artists.

M & E. Music and Effects. The music and effects stems resulting from the final sound mix which are used on the soundtrack of foreign (non-English version) movies.

M.P.S.E. Motion Picture Sound Editors is a professional organization of sound editors like A.C.E. that hosts the annual Golden Reel Awards to honor sound editors.

Machinima. Genre of filmmaking which combines 3D game technology with animation to produce cost and time-efficient animated films. Once characters and backgrounds are created, they can be shot real time and scenes can be composited real time within a 3D virtual environment.

mag. Magnetic coated film stock used for recording, editing, playing, and mixing sound.

manual assembly. Online method where the editor presses a key on the tape-based machine to initiate each edit. The machine then previews or records the edit, depending on which key the editor pushes. The opposite of auto assembly.

master shot. Shot that encompasses all the action in a scene from beginning to end. Although a master routinely starts framed close on a small object and can zoom and pan as needed to capture the action, it mostly stays wide to frame all the action.

match cut. 1) Picture editing: A continuity cut where the majority of the elements are duplicated (matched) from the last frame of the first (outgoing) shot to the first frame of the second (incoming) shot. The elements to match are: screen direction, eyeline, camera angle and framing, props, sound (wording, volume, or pacing), weather, wardrobe, hair, make-up, lighting, color, and action. 2) Negative cutting: Term for conforming the negative cut to the locked positive work print or tape, cut for cut. Match cut is generalized to other situations such as cutting in a film reprint or reproducing any section of a project (e.g. title, effect, or scene) cut for cut.

matte shot. Cutting a hole in a shot and placing (matting or keying) another shot in that hole.

MB. See megabyte.

Mbps. Megabits per second. Used to measure bandwidth. See also bps.

Media 100. Professional digital editing system.

Media Cleaner Pro. Terran Interactive’s suite of industry standard compression software used for encoding and compressing files for the Web, DVDs, etc.

media. A digital term for video and/or audio.

medium close-up. (MCU) Between a CU and an MS, a MCU is shot from the shoulders up through the top of the person’s head.

medium shot. (MS) A shot framed from the waist or chest up through the top of the person’s head.

megabyte. MB. Approximately 1,024 kilobytes or 1 million bytes. A unit of measurement used to measure computer files sizes, data storage, and memory.

memory card. Re-recordable electronic flash memory data storage device used in cameras and editing systems as well as laptops, phones, MP3 players, and video game consoles for storing digital contents.

metadata. Metadata is known as the “data about data.” It could be applied to a card catalogue or a map or a map but normally the term is reserved for device-understandable data for the Web. Metadata is the background information that identifies the condition, content, and other qualities of data. In film and video this means time code, blanking, frame rate, aspect ratio, sync, color burst information and descriptive data including where the sources originated and are located, how they are composited, the type of special effects in the sequence, etc.

MHz. Megahertz. One million Hz or cps (cycles per second).

MIDI. Musical Instrument Digital Interface. Protocol for the types of control signals that one electronic musical device sends to another. MIDI is a plug-in which enables a musician’s computer to communicate with a host of devices such as MIDI sound modules (samplers, synthesizers, etc.) and to send and receive time code.

MIDI controller. Keyboard, drum kit, guitar, piano, and other electronic musical devices which generate MIDI messages to adjust individual controls like pan, or gain on devices in the MIDI network.

mismatch. A cut in which continuity is lost due to a difference between elements such as action, eyeline, camera framing, camera position, prop, wardrobe, or makeup. See match cut: picture editing.

mix. Recording session where all the dialogue, ADR, sound effects, foley, and music are blended together and recorded to make the final, composited soundtrack.

mix. The blending of a show’s sound and music to produce a final sound track.

mixdown. (noun or verb) Bringing together a number of recorded audio tracks by recording them onto fewer tracks en route to making the final mixed sound track.

mixer. Person or equipment that does the mixing.

mode. Order by which a show is assembled in online. Each of the five modes (A, B, C, D, and E) sorts the events on the list in a different order for the machine to perform the edits.

modem. Modulate-Demodulate. A device that connects computers to each other for transmitting data via a telephone line or a cable network. Ubiquitously used for sending and receiving email, downloading files, and exploring the Web. The term originated with phone modems where the modem modulates (converts) the computer’s digital data into analog signals to be transmitted over the telephone line and then demodulates (reconverts) the signals back into digital signals to be received by the computer. Modem speed is measured in bps (bits per second).

mono sound. Where one track is recorded by a non-stereo mic and the same track is played to each speaker. As opposed to stereo sound.

montage. A succinct, self-contained sequence of images inserted to convey facts, feelings, or thoughts that usually functions as a transition in time or place.

morph. A special effect where one object or image transforms into another e.g. a man turns into a monster.

MOS. Without sound; no sound was recorded on the shot. Legend has it that the term originated from an early Hollywood director, a German immigrant, who would call for a shot “mit out sound.”

Moviola. Upright film editing machine.

Moviola roll. A take of dailies wound into a tight roll identified by a trim tab and held together by a rubber band.

MOW. Movie of the Week. A feature-length show created for television.

MPAA. Motion Picture Academy of Arts. The board that rates a feature film, bestowing a G, PG, PG-13, R, NC-17, or X rating.

MPEG. Motion picture editors guild. See also IATSE.

MPEG. Moving Picture Expert Group. A standard form of lossless data compression which compresses and decompresses video and audio into digital images. Designed for moving images — animation, audio, and video — MPEG is not viable for non-linear editing due to the way it handles frames. There are many types of MPEG and many more on the way. Those in most current use are: MPEG-1, the standard for VCD; MPEG-2, the standard for DVD authoring, SVCD, and HDTV broadcast; MP3, the audio version used for downloads from the Web; and MPEG-4, the latest version, which appears to becoming the standard for multimedia applications.

M.P.S.E. Motion Picture Sound Editors is a professional organization of sound editors, like A.C.E., that hosts the annual Golden Reel Awards to honor sound editors.

MP3. MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 + Audio Layer 3. Digital audio encoding and storage format that uses lossy compression to transfer and playback MX and SFX on digital audio players.

multitrack. Device used in ADR, Foley, and other sound recording situations which records eight to forty-eight tracks (depending on the machine) on 2″ digital or analog tape. Often referred to as “the 24 track” since the commonly used machine has 24 tracks.

MXF. Media eXchange Format. A close cousin of AAF, MXF has a simpler file format and is geared for news editing and archiving. It can contain video and audio media and media formats such as AVI, MPEG, DPX, and WAVE which AAF cannot. See also AAF.