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Film Glossary/C

1 – 9 A B C D E F G H

C.A.S. Cinema Audio Society. Honorary professional organization of mixers which hosts an awards banquet and educational meetings throughout the year. C.A.S. follows a member’s credit on screen.

canned music. See source music.

capture. Input footage from a digital tape into a digital editing system.

CCIR 601. Analog SD video broadcast sampling standard that is now called ITU-R BT.601. See also ITU-R BT.601.

CCD. Charge-coupled device. An image sensor device used in a telecine film scanning machine like the Spirit DataCine. The machine moves the film continuously over a line array of three CCDs to scan the image and produce a video signal. The CCD operates by splitting the film image into the three primary colors: red, green and blue. Three CCDs are employed – one for each color – to convert the images into electrical impulses which are then turned into a video signal and recorded onto video tape or broadcast.

CCM. Color Corrected Master. Master tape of color corrected show created after online by the colorist from tape source reels or film negative.

cel side. See base side.

cement splicer. See hot splicer.

CG. See character generator.

CGI. Computer Generated Images, a.k.a. Computer Graphics Interface. Animated graphics created on a computer for use on film or video.

change list. List of changes to a reel made during a re-cut for conforming a film reel to the digital cut, a sound reel to a film reel, or updating the negative cutter.

character generator. The CG, a.k.a. the “black box,” is a small computer designed to generate text for broadcast or for adding credits and titles to a master tape.

check print. Made from the dupe negative and similar to the AP, the check print is the final trial print which is run and checked thoroughly for any problems before release prints are struck.

checkerboard. Split dialogue tracks by alternating dialogue lines and sound fill. Also used to describe A/B rolling. See A/B roll.

choker. ECU of a person’s face where the neck is not visible or barely visible.

chroma. See chrominance.

chroma-key. A type of composite effect with a chroma background layer and a foreground layer which contains the image or subject. The background layer is keyed out and the subject, such as a weather forecaster, appears to be interacting with a second video layer such as weather map. While any color can be used for the background, blue and green have proven to be the most keyable so lately chroma-keying is referred to as blue screen or green screen.

chrominance. The part of the color video signal that holds the color data. Video picture information contains two components: luminance (brightness and contrast) and chrominance (hue and saturation).

Chyron. A brand name that has become synonymous with character generator. See also character generator.

CIN. File extension for a Kodak Cineon file which is used in DI work and akin to DPX. See also DPX.

Cinema Tools. FCP program for film projects that allows you to create a cutlist for a film finish.

circled takes. On a film show, takes the director called out to be printed by the lab.

click track. Based on frames and half frames of 35mm,this is a track of beats and a tempo that is recorded onto a digital recorder, multitrack, MIDI sequencer, or other recorder. A click track is used to synchronize performers e.g. dancers on the set during the shoot or musicians playing during the scoring session.

clip. Term for a shot on a digital system.

close-up. (CU) A shot framed close, usually on the face and neck of a person.

Cloud. Computing network system which allows editors to pull media from servers anywhere in the world, clone it, and start cutting, color grading, etc.

C-mode. Method in which online assembly events are numbered in non-sequential order by Source reel and then Source IN time code.

CMX. A tape-based linear online and offline editing system that was the standard for the 1970s-1990s. A ground breaking result of a collaboration by CBS and Memorex from whence it derives its name, CBS, Memorex, eXperimental. While they’re no longer being developed, CMX systems are still in use.

CMX EDL. An EDL format. See also EDL.

code. (verb) Video: Represent a video signal level as a number. Film: to add ink code.

color balance. Adjusting primary colors in a camera or other electronic device using white as a balance. In postproduction, the part of color correcting in which the intensity of a color is de-saturated (decreased) by adding white. For example skin tones are routinely balanced (matched) in scenes. See also saturation.

color grading, a.k.a. color correcting. Changing or improving the color of a film, file, or tape image to be consistent with the desired look of the scene or project.

codec. 1) Code/decode. A device, such as an audio or video card, that converts analog signals to digital and vice versa for broadcast or to be read by a computer. 2) Compress/decompress. A two-step process which a) compresses huge multimedia files like MPEG files into smaller files, so they can fit on a DVD, CD-ROM, or other media, and then b) decompresses them to their original file size so they can be played on a computer.

color burst. Reference located near the end of horizontal blanking that tells the monitor what hue to make the color information found in the video signal

colorist. 1) Telecine operator who syncs, transfers, and color corrects film to tape dailies. 2) Person responsible for color correcting during the finishing stage.

component video A video signal that separates RGB and luminance signals in order to display picture information. Component video can be analog or digital; either way it delivers a picture superior to composite video.

composite video A video signal that combines RGB and luminance signals in order to display picture information. The signal contains horizontal, vertical, and color synchronizing data. Composite video is analog only and inferior to component video.

composite. Create a shot by merging two or more separate images or shots.

conform. Reproduce the locked cut on the original film negative or master show tape.

consolidate. Make new clips (data files and media) of the edits in a sequence on a digital editing system.

continuity. Maintaining the physical relationships, performance, action, and narrative flow of the filmed scene from cut to cut (or during filming, from shot to shot).

continuity sheet. List of a show’s scenes in editing order accompanied by a phrase or sentence describing what happens in each scene and its duration.

contractor. Person who contracts musicians for a scoring session. The contractor makes sure that the musicians’ hours are correctly accounted and paid for and is a resourceful liaison between the musicians’ union and film companies.

count down leader. See Academy leader.

coverage. Angles shot in addition to the master shot: close-ups, medium shots, over-the shoulder shots, etc.

cross cutting. Editing two (or more) dependent lines of action together – characters, settings, or subjects – that interact directly and are aware of each other.

crossconversion. Transfer from one format of HD to another e.g. 720p to 1080i.

crossing the line. Ignoring the invisible line in every camera set up that bisects the scene horizontally at 180 degrees. Crossing the line results in two angles that when cut together appear to make people or objects jump out of position.

CRT film recorder. See Electron Beam Recorder.

CRT. Cathode Ray Tube. A special type of vacuum tube, the CRT does for the computer monitor display what the picture tube does to the television display: It renders the images by causing an electron beam to strike a phosphorescent surface.

CRT. Cathode Ray Tube. An electronic type of vacuum tube that creates the picture in a TV and helps create it in a computer monitor.

CTM. Color Timed Master. See also CCM.

cut negative. The original negative cut to match the locked film cut: From the cut negative, positive prints are made for movie theatres.

cut point. See edit point.

cut. (noun) 1) An edit 2) A series of edits 3) A completed edit or re-edit of a show. (verb) The joining together of two different shots or two parts of the same shot.

cutaway. (CA) Any shot that will be used to cut away from the main action in the master shot.

cutting on action. See action match.

cutlist. A list composed of the camera rolls, start and end key codes, and length of each cut in a film reel that is made by the digital editing system or the negative cutter. Often referred to as the assembly list, the cutlist is used by the negative cutter to assemble the shots that will be spliced together on the negative reel.

cuts only. Term applied to EDLs and to older, inexpensive tape editing machines (e.g. a cuts only list or editor), meaning that the sole transitions between edits are cuts, not wipes, dissolves, or any other type of transition.